Mount Edouka Mount Edouka is among the list of the highest mountains in Ghana with 2,542 feet/785 Metres above sea level. Primary forest. Find here the different species of timber available from Ghana Forestry Commission. Ghana - Ghana - Plant and animal life: Although soils and biotic factors (i.e., those pertaining to living organisms, including humans) are important, vegetation is primarily determined by precipitation. The Ayum Forest Reserve plays a key role in preserving biodiversity in the Guinean Moist Forest EcoRegion. Established in 1931 as a reserve, it was gazetted as a national park only in 1992 after an initial survey of avifauna was conducted. Forex trading in Ghana might be new but can boast of well know personalities who have invested heavily either trading themselves or having a private floor with experienced professional traders. The regions with the highest tropical deforestation rate are in Central America and tropical Asia. Forestry experts have cautioned that Ghana’s natural forests may run the risk of being depleted in the next 10 to 20 years. The forest losses in Ghana were more than twice that of next country, neighbouring Ivory Coast; which lost 26 percent. Atewa forest is a centre of significant plant diversity with at least 1100 plant species including 56 that area threatened with extinction and many that are endemic to the Upper Guinea ecoregion (humid forests west of Togo/Benin) with highly localised distributions. There is more cause for alarm as Ghana is said to have recorded 60 percent rise in forest loss between 2017 and 2018, according to the Global Forest Watch. Limitations and Exceptions: FAO has been collecting and analyzing data on forest area since 1946. Ghana has approximately 9.3 million ha of forest which covers 39% of the country (FAO, 2015). According to him, the country during the 20th Century had about 1.8 million hectares of … Data excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems, such as fruit plantations and agroforestry systems. Mount Edouka is located around the Eastern Part of Ghana extending into Badou, which is in Togo about 270 km from Accra; the jungle separates both Togo and Ghana making the biodiversity of the mount to have … This website is your first help for getting to the national parks of Ghana. Conservation efforts have focused on protecting areas of high biodiversity. Overview Impact What you get Tree Species Ghana is known for its diverse animal life, miles of sandy beaches along a picturesque coast, and beautiful forests covering more than 21% of the country. Definition: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens. The number of administrative regions in Ghana has finally increased from 10 to 16 following the successful presentations of the Constitutional Instruments (C I) on the creation of the six new regions. Stretching more than 20 kilometers (12 miles) along a bank of hills in the Ashanti region of southern Ghana, Tano-Offin Forest Reserve has lost more than 16 percent of its old-growth forest since 2001, according to satellite data from the University of Maryland. Undertake the development of forest plantations for the restoration of degraded forest areas, the expansion of the country’s forest cover and increase in the production of industrial timber. Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost 33% of its forest cover, or around 2,5 million ha. At the turn of the 20th Century, Ghana’s forests covered around 8.2 million hectares of land. The Technical Director in-charge of Forestry at the Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Mr Musa Abu-Juam, says Ghana currently has less than 20 per cent of real forest due to illegal activities, such as illegal chain-saw operations and galamsey. This has placed tremendous pressure on the remaining off-reserve areas of high forest, where more than half of Ghana’s annual timber production takes place. The northernmost part of Ghana is Pulmakong and the southernmost part of Ghana is Cape three points near Axim. The lag between the reference year and the actual production of data series as well as the frequency of data production varies between countries. Ghana Now Has 16 Regions. The Government has over the years encouraged community participation in afforestation programmes and private forestry. On a global average, more than one-third of all forest is primary forest, i.e. Administrative boundaries: Global Administrative Areas database (GADM), version 3.6. Ghana’s forests are disappearing at an alarming rate. The uniqueness of this park lies in the fact that it was established at the initiative of the local people and … Destruction of rainforests remains a significant environmental problem Much of what remains of the world's rainforests is in the Amazon basin, where the Amazon Rainforest covers approximately 4 million square kilometers. Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. Connected to it is the Subim Reserve and Bonsampepo Reserve, and collectively the three cover about 488 square kilometers. Ghana can now boast of some few Brokers with some white label (A branded Platform in the name of another Broker) as well as fund managers. Data Source: Tree cover loss: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA via Global Forest Watch. NAIROBI, Kenya (PAMACC News) - Kenya’s Karura Forest Reserve sits on a prime land in the city of Nairobi, covering an area of over one thousand hectar... Ghana can have forests … [7] South Ghana contains evergreen and semi-deciduous forests consisting of trees such as mahogany , odum , ebony and it also contains much of Ghana's oil palms and mangroves with shea trees , baobabs and acacias found in the northern part of Ghana. 6,972,040. The new regions are Oti, Western North, North East, Ahafo, Savannah and Bono East Regions. Ghana’s last remaining tracts of primary forest can only be found within areas granted official protection. Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com. Several areas of t… Nearly 97% is natural forest, while the remaining 3% is plantation. The survey uses a uniform definition of forest. According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. This is done at intervals of 5-10 years as part of the Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). FAO estimates that around 10 million people are employed in forest management and conservation - but many more are directly dependent on forests for their livelihoods. Areas under reforestation that have not yet reached but are expected to reach a canopy cover of 10 percent and a tree height of 5 meters are included, as are temporarily unstocked areas, resulting from human intervention or natural causes, which are expected to regenerate. FAO estimates that the decrease of primary forest area, 0.4 percent over a ten-year period, is largely due to reclassification of primary forest to "other naturally regenerated forest" because of selective logging and other human interventions. Extent of primary forest cover and tree cover for Ghana. National parks are the prime locations of wild and untamed nature; in many countries they are the most exiting places to visit, if you can find them. There are three principal types of vegetation from south to north occurring in the coastal savanna, in the forest zone, and in the northern savanna zone. By the year 2007, the forest cover of the country has been reduced significantly to 1.6 million hectares. On a global average, more than one-third of all forest is primary forest, i.e. A dry, dust-laden wind, called Harmattan, often blows from the desert. This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. The proportion of forest area to total land area is calculated and changes in the proportion are computed to identify trends. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". The forestry sector of Ghana accounted for 4.2 percent of GDP in 1990; timber was the country's third largest foreign exchange earner. Total land area does not include inland water bodies such as major rivers and lakes. Data includes areas with bamboo and palms; forest roads, firebreaks and other small open areas; forest in national parks, nature reserves and other protected areas such as those of specific scientific, historical, cultural or spiritual interest; windbreaks, shelterbelts and corridors of trees with an area of more than 0.5 hectares and width of more than 20 meters; plantations primarily used for forestry or protective purposes, such as rubber-wood plantations and cork oak stands. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded. 6 The high forest zone, which is virtually natural forest, covers an area of 8.2 million ha., approximately one-third of the total area of Ghana. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) provides detail information on forest cover, and adjusted estimates of forest cover. Large-scale planting of trees is significantly reducing the net loss of forest area globally, and afforestation and natural expansion of forests in some countries and regions have reduced the net loss of forest area significantly at the global level. Mongabay does not control what ads are displayed. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. The area is covered with tropical forest. In 1993 timber and wood products earnings totaled US$140 million against a targeted level of US$130 million. Ghana Investment Plan for the Forest Investment Program (FIP) - October 2012 - iv Description of investment plan: The forest resources in Ghana are being depleted at an alarming rate. Forestry experts have warned that Ghana risks losing its total forest cover to illegal logging in 10 years if the current rate of forest depletion is not curtailed. Forest area also excludes trees in urban parks and gardens. Although FAO provides a breakdown of forest cover between natural forest and plantation for developing countries, forest data used to derive this indictor data does not reflect that breakdown. The data are aggregated at sub-regional, regional and global levels by the FRA team at FAO, and estimates are produced by straight summation. Vision: To leave future generations and their communities with richer, better, more valuable forestry and wildlife endowments than we inherited. 2. Ghana lies between latitudes 4° and 12°N . In many developing countries, the protected areas are still difficult to get to. This rate of forest cover loss is the highest in the world. From the countrys original forest cover of 8.2 million hectares at the beginning of the 20th Century only an estimated 1.6 million hectares remain. Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. National parks, game reserves, wilderness areas and other legally established protected areas cover more than 10 percent of the total forest area in most countries and regions. Areas with less than 30% canopy cover are excluded. Civil society organisations in Ghana are interested and active in many natural resources and community rights-related areas. The indictor is derived by dividing total area under forest of a country by country's total land area, and multiplying by 100. Its highest value over the past 26 years was 41.16 in 2016, while its lowest value was 37.91 in 1990. Of this 8.0% ( 395,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Statistical Concept and Methodology: Forest is determined both by the presence of trees and the absence of other predominant land uses. Ghana’s forests are in deep crises and seem to be doing disappointingly and disastrously on a global ranking of countries with high incidence of forest losses recorded between 2017 and 2018. The area designated primarily for productive purposes has decreased by more than 50 million hectares since 1990 as forests have been designated for other purposes. Deforestation is a major cause of loss of biodiversity, and habitat conservation is vital for stemming this loss. The Ayum Forest reserve covers about a quarter of the total area. The decrease of forest area, .11 percent over a ten-year period, is largely due to reclassification of primary forest to "other naturally regenerated forest" because of selective logging and other human interventions. Ghana comes first out of 10 top countries with highest percentage in primary forest loss. More importantly, they gave input concerning the major issues that are (and/or will be) on the table, the projects they are working on, challenges they face and legal needs they may have. 1,090,291. However the FAO, in its 2010 Global Forest Resources Assessment, estimated Ghana had around 2.6 million ha of reserved forests and around 500,000 ha of unreserved forest. FAO reports data for 229 countries and territories; for the remaining 56 small island states and territories where no information is provided, a report is prepared by FAO using existing information and a literature search. Note: This page was last updated on December 28, 2019, Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Indicadores en Español. 75% tree cover reflects a dense canopy. Its highest value over the past 26 years was 41.16 in 2016, while its lowest value was 37.91 in 1990. "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. By the late 1980s, the forest cover has shrunk to less than 18,000 km 2, which means a reduction of the forest cover to 2.1 million hectares. Ads are placed on this page automatically by Google. Kakum National Park, located in the coastal environs of the Central Region of Ghana, covers an area of 375 square kilometres. They now have a better understanding of ClientEarth and how we work. Since 1983 forestry has benefited from more than US$120 million in investments and has undergone substantial changes, resulting in doubled earnings between 1985 and 1990. Primary forests, in particular tropical moist forests, include the most species-rich, diverse terrestrial ecosystems. forest of native species where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes have not been significantly disturbed. This means that it is the second highest in Ghana. Definition: Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees … In the south-west region alone, 13,748 hectares (34,000 acres) of forest have been lost in 2018 – equivalent to 15,000 football fields, more than the 13,000 lost there in 2016. Forest area (% of land area) in Ghana was 41.16 as of 2016. Citation: Mongabay. Over three million rural Ghanaians depend on the forest to survive. An additional 25 percent of forest area is designated for multiple uses - in most cases including the production of wood and non-wood forest products. Since the early 1990s, Ghana has lost more than 30% of its forests – approximately 2.5 million hectares. However, even these are no longer immune to the advance of deforestation, with many hit hard by a surge of forest loss that began in April. Many tree-planting programmes have been developed and are being promoted in Ghana. Close to 1.2 billion hectares of forest are managed primarily for the production of wood and non-wood forest products. Forest area (% of land area) in Ghana was 41.16 as of 2016. ... and then we will have … Ghana’s forest policy provides for the sustainable management of Ghana’s forest resources. Between January and November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned U… Tree cover (30%) 2000. Wood from a vast underwater forest in Ghana could be used to rebuild Notre-Dame Cathedral after its spire and roof were consumed by a blaze in April. The trees should reach a minimum height of 5 meters in situ. km. Variations from year to year may be due to updated or revised data rather than to change in area. Negative numbers indicate an increase in forest area. They expressed fear that if care is not taken, the country will resort to importing Timber for construction if the high rate of illegal timber logging is not curbed. 2001. forest of native species where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes have not been significantly disturbed. "This data is based on a definition of 30% tree cover. For example, 75% includes only areas with more than 75% tree cover, whereas 10% includes all areas with more than 10% tree cover. Deforested areas do not include areas logged but intended for regeneration or areas degraded by fuelwood gathering, acid precipitation, or forest fires. In the center and north, winter is hot: daytime temperatures are usually about 35 °C (95 °F) in December and January, even though the air is dry and nights are quite cool.Sometimes, however, nights can get a bit cold in the center-north, with lows dropping to around 10 °C (50 °F). As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies less than 152 meters above sea level. Forests cover about 31 percent of total land area of the world; the world's total forest area is just over 4 billion hectares. All area figures are in hectares (ha) Year. Development Relevance: As threats to biodiversity mount, the international community is increasingly focusing on conserving diversity. Bia National Park is unique in Ghana because it crosses a 305-square-kilometre (117-square-mile) zone of humid evergreen and semi-deciduous forest types. Consisting of wet evergreen rain forest and Primary forests, in particular tropical moist forests, include the most species-rich, diverse terrestrial ecosystems. The first in the series is a reproduction of her article titled ‘To Conserve or not to Conserve: Ghana’s Forests and Climate Change’, publicised in the Ghanaian Times in 2009. 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