Since no agreement was reached, a referendum was held on 9 December 1951 in four different voting districts, three of which approved the merger (South Baden refused but was overruled, as the result of total votes was decisive). Only four unincorporated areas are populated, with a total population of about 2,000. Try to name the 16 federal states (Bundesländer) of Germany. Our editable vector map base of Germany is suitable for all royalty free commercial uses. This official site humorously presents the “Ländle“ where four dialects are spoken. The city-states of Berlin and Hamburg are subdivided into boroughs. Remaining German States are… Brandenburg — Surrounding Germany’s capital (and capital state), Berlin, there’s still discussion going on as for merging those two states into one. At the same time, the Court reaffirmed the requirement for a territorial revision as a binding order to the relevant constitutional bodies. This page was last changed on 17 July 2020, at 15:39. 3x5 Flag of 16 German States Bundeslnder Germany Flags Brand: NationalCountryFlags. 13,124,737. However, in former times there were many other privileges, including the right to impose local taxes or to allow industry only within city limits. Capital city : Stuttgart Part of Germany since : 1952 Total area : 35,752 km square Population : 10,755,000 Legislature : Landtag of Baden-Württemberg The states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg are governed slightly differently from the other states. Only the special arrangement for the southwest under Article 118 could enter into force. There are a total of 16 German states.The biggest among these German states is the Bavarian state and the smallest state in Germany is Bremen. The total population of Germany was 1.5 million less than expected. Take this geography quiz now and see how well you know Germany! No single state comprised more than 30% of either population or territory; this was intended to prevent any one state from being as dominant within Germany as Prussia had been in the past. It had been used in 1957 to reintegrate the Saar Protectorate as the Saarland into the Federal Republic, and this was used as a model for German reunification in 1990. From 1957, when the French-occupied Saar Protectorate was returned and formed into the Saarland, the Federal Republic consisted of ten states, which are referred to as the "Old States" today. Due to its central location, Germany shares borders with a total of nine neighbouring European countries. In 2000, the number of unincorporated areas was 295, with a total area of 4,890.33 square kilometres (1,888.17 sq mi). First, they administer programs authorized by the federal or state government. Germany's federal government and states are considering new COVID-19 measures to halt the rise of infections, such as dramatically reducing the … It is merely a historic synonym for “republic” and was a description used by most German states after the abolishment of monarchy after World War I. Within the empire, 65% of the territory and 62% of the population belonged to the state of Prussia. 12,329,714. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation. In the three free states of Bavaria, Saxony, and Thuringia, the government is the "state government" (Staatsregierung); and in the other ten states, the "Land government" (Landesregierung). Oct 14, 2019. At the same time the commission developed criteria for classifying the terms of Article 29 Paragraph 1. This was in contrast to the post-war development in Austria, where the national Bund (federation) was constituted first, and then the individual states were carved out as units of this federal nation. These were reduced to nine in 1952 when three south-western states (South Baden, Württemberg-Hohenzollern, and Württemberg-Baden) merged to form Baden-Württemberg. The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated states (German: Land (state), plural Länder (states); commonly informally Bundesland / federated state, plural Bundesländer / federated states). An appeal against the decision was rejected as inadmissible by the Federal Constitutional Court. Most of the states are governed by a cabinet led by a Ministerpräsident (minister-president), together with a unicameral legislative body known as the Landtag (State Diet). A regional referendum in 1996, to merge Berlin with surrounding Brandenburg as "Berlin-Brandenburg", failed to reach the necessary majority vote in Brandenburg, while a majority of Berliners had voted in favour. Population and area in km² as of November 2014. The number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars (1796–1814). Germany: States (Bundesländer) - Map Quiz Game: At over 82 million, Germany has the largest population in the European Union. To fulfill administrative duties adequately, a population of at least five million per state was considered as necessary. Each consists of an elected council and an executive, which is chosen either by the council or by the people, depending on the state, the duties of which are comparable to those of a county executive in the United States, supervising local government administration. From the 17 states at the end of the Weimar Republic, six still exist (though partly with different border-lines): The other 11 pre-existing states either merged into one another or were separated into smaller entities. Like in other parliamentary systems, the legislature can dismiss or replace the minister-president after a successful no-confidence vote. Federalism is one of the entrenched constitutional principles of Germany. In 1957, the Saar Protectorate rejoined the Federal Republic as the state of Saarland. In 2012, these districts' authorities were merged into one central authority, the Landesdirektion Sachsen [de]. [4] Arthur B. Gunlicks summarizes the main arguments for boundary reform in Germany: "the German system of dual federalism requires strong Länder that have the administrative and fiscal capacity to implement legislation and pay for it from own source revenues. Saarland is a small state located in southwestern Germany. The rejection was confirmed by the Federal Constitutional Court in the case of Lübeck. It would be helpful to mention this in the instructions. Only 7 of the 16 new states existed before: Bavaria, Bremen, Hamburg, Baden and Saarland in the west, Saxony and Thuringia in Eastern Germany. … Here is a list of states in Germany: The somewhat complicated provisions regulate that "revisions of the existing division into Länder shall be effected by a federal law, which must be confirmed by referendum". The reorganization should be completed within three years after the Basic Law had come into force (paragraph 6). The state has a population of 1.012 million people which translates to a population density of 1,000 persons per square mile. Three Länder call themselves Freistaaten (‘free states’, an older German term for ‘republic’): Bavaria (since 1919), Saxony (originally since 1919 and again since 1990), and Thuringia (since 1994). Article 18 of the constitution enabled a new delimitation of the German territory but set high hurdles: "Three fifth of the votes handed in, and at least the majority of the population are necessary to decide on the alteration of territory". The Franco-Saarlander currency union ended on 6 July 1959, when the Deutsche Mark was introduced as legal tender in the Saarland. Within Germany, there are 16 states, but learning them all is easier when you have an interactive map game such as this. 4.8 out of 5 stars 51 ratings. The referendums in Lower Saxony and Rhineland-Palatinate were held on 19 January 1975 (the percentages given are the percentages of those eligible who voted in favour): The votes in Lower Saxony were successful as both proposals were supported by more than 25% of eligible voters. 11,993,484. On 24 August 1976, the binding provision for a new delimitation of the federal territory was altered into a mere discretionary one. As the premiers did not come to an agreement on this question, the Parliamentary Council was supposed to address this issue. In their letter to Konrad Adenauer, the three western military governors approved the Basic Law but suspended Article 29 until such time as a peace treaty should be concluded. /CFP. Hugo Preuss, the father of the Weimar Constitution, drafted a plan to divide the German Reich into 14 roughly equal-sized states. This triggered the start of the one-year period as set in paragraph 2 of Article 29. It provides "conventional names" (English names) for some of the states to go alongside the German names. During the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, internal borders were redrawn by the Allied military governments. However, the unincorporated areas are continually being incorporated into neighboring municipalities, wholly or partially, most frequently in Bavaria. and politicians (Döring, Apel, and others) made proposals – some of them far-reaching – for redrawing boundaries but hardly anything came of these public discussions. The municipalities have two major policy responsibilities. The threshold for a successful vote was set at one-quarter of those entitled to vote in Bundestag elections. The two Palatine petitions (for a reintegration into Bavaria and integration into Baden-Württemberg) failed with 7.6% and 9.3%. In the north, either a single new state consisting of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Bremen and Lower Saxony should be created (solution A) or two new states, one in the northeast consisting of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg and the northern part of Lower Saxony (from Cuxhaven to Lüchow-Dannenberg) and one in the northwest consisting of Bremen and the rest of Lower Saxony (solution B). 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