Otters are well suited to a life on the water as they have webbed feet, dense fur to keep them warm, and can close their ears and nose when underwater. They also scavenge for garbage, bringing them into close contact with people. There are 13 otter species around the world, including the giant river otters, North American river otter, Asian small-clawed otter, European otter, Japanese river otter and African clawless otter, as well as many less well known species. They were extirpated from portions of their range, but conservation and reintroduction efforts are helping populations to recover. Asian small-clawed otters are increasingly popular as novelty pets, particularly in Japan. Otters are restless, playful and secretive mammals that spend most of their time along riverbanks. There are 13 species of otter which live in Europe, Asia, Africa, North, Central and South America: Eurasian otters, smooth-coated otters, Asian small-clawed otters, hairy-nosed otters, sea otters, North American river otters, neotropical otters, giant otters, Southern river otters, marine otters, African clawless otters, Congo clawless otters … The 10 best places to look for otters and their signs . As recently as the mid-1980s, more than 30,000 pelts were harvested annually. The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis), also known as the northern river otter or common otter, is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to the North American continent found in and along its waterways and coasts. Excellent and lithe swimmers, the young are in the water by 10 weeks of age. The Otter is a carnivorous mammal that has 13 extant species. Otters feed at dawn and dusk so the two hours before are generally the best time for otter spotting. Their webbed feet and long, muscular tail enable them to swim … Adult marine otters are quite small. The eeriness did not end there: during a boat ride, one of Rasher’s colleagues pointed to a cove where he had seen hundreds of sea otters splashing in the frigid water in the 1970s. Open-water and coastal marine species, including the few Antarctic breeding species (e.g., leopard seals, Hydrurga), were grouped separately. The largest otter is the giant otter. In fact, sea otters do not cause local extinction of species. California’s southern sea otter has been listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act since 1977. Family Mustelidae—Otters The mustelids are the otters, weasels, and their kin (minks, polecats, martens, wolverines, skunks, and badgers). Article (PDF Available) ... (southern Italy) have led to the discovery of a new species, here described as Alzoniella cervarensis n. sp. In the long-term, the otter can play a key role in a river’s ecology, and perhaps help to check the spread of alien species such as the signal crayfish and mitten crab. The river otter is … The otter is one of conservation’s success stories: following a catastrophic decline during the 1950’s and 1960’s, there are now healthy otter populations throughout most of Wales. As top predators, sea otters are critical to maintaining the balance of nearshore ecosystems, such as kelp forests, embayments and estuaries. North American river otters (L. canadensis) are still taken as part of the commercial fur trade, but the primary threats to others are the destruction of wetland habitats and pollution. Small rounded ears and nostrils close when the otter is underwater. In Florida, river otters weigh 5-14 kg (11-31 lb). Because of their voracious appetite, they are occasionally accused of driving their prey species into decline by fishermen who compete for the same prey species. Otters & Stillwater Fisheries Advice Otter prey and feeding behaviour By improving rivers and wetlands for otters, we are making sure that the On average an otter’s diet is 70-80% fish, although their preferred species is eels, and they also eat a wide variety of other food including amphibians (frogs and toads), reptiles, shellfish, … They are active during the day and at night, hunting in streams, rivers and ponds … Heavy … Today, accidental trappings in beaver traps constitute the most otter fatalities. Ranging from climate change, to oil spills, to pollution there are many threats that have hindered sea otters from being more prosperous and being upgraded from endangered to threatened. How many otters are there in Italy? They only reach about 13 pounds (6 kg) vs. 100 pounds (45 kg) in sea otters. Without sea otters, sea urchins can overpopulate the sea floor and devour the kelp forests that provide cover and food for many … Sea otters are a keystone species, meaning their role in their environment has a greater effect than other species. Many otters spend around six hours to find food because of their difficult living space and their competition for food. ... A large number of species devour approximately 15% to 25% of their body-weight each day. As affected fish species evolve to cope with the presence of otters, so a natural balance will form. North American river otters were hunted and trapped extensively for their fur in the 19th and 20th centuries, and are still hunted in some places. They come in many sizes. Endangered Species: Ebony Ebony (Diospyros crassiflora) is a tree native to the rain forests of central Africa, including Congo, Cameroon, and Gabon. There are many otters reserved in detention, but these are in animal welfare centers, zoos or protected areas. What does an Otter look like? Sea otter population growth has stalled in recent years and many hurdles for full population recovery remain. They are semiaquatic, aquatic, or marine-based on the fish and the invertebrates. Males are larger than females. Even though there are more of them about otters are still hard to spot. Unlike the sea otters, which live in the ocean nearly continually, river otters are possible to live close to … There are no terrestrial mammal species native to Antarctica. River otters forage alone or in pairs. The otter, Lutra lutra, is one of our most charismatic yet elusive mammals.It is mainly nocturnal and rather shy. Welcome to the Otters of the World. There are 13 different otter species and two varieties of sea otters. KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 16 — The appearance of a romp of wild otters in Taman Tasik Metropolitan Kepong seems to have caught the public by pleasant surprise, but left many questioning how they got there in the … The Japanese otter was known as one of the top carnivores in the aquatic food chain. Ebony is an endangered species because many biologists calculate its probability of extinction in the wild is at least 20 percent within five generations. Otters can be found in unpolluted waters all over the world in marshland, freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans and coastlines. They have stocky legs, a long, streamlined body, and a broad muzzle with prominent, sensitive whiskers. 41 years later and counting, their conservation status remains unchanged and their future uncertain. An adult North American river otter can weigh between 5.0 and 14 kg (11.0 and 30.9 lb). They are perfectly adapted to a semi-aquatic life. Otters have a long muscular tail, short stout legs and thick oiled fur. Ebony is threatened due to … Mating, birth, and nursing take place onshore, in protected dens. In the past, there were thousands of river otters in Japan. The IUCN Red List has listed sea otters as an endangered species since 2000 and their current population status is decreasing. Otter - Otter - Conservation and classification: Nearly all species of otters face increasing threat as urbanization and logging continue. Freshwater species (e.g., river dolphins, river otters) were sorted by their resident landmass. iStock Only one otter species seems to be thriving, and that's the North American River Otter. Otters then go and eat many fish—let's say 100. North American river otters are a species whose population can indicate how healthy (or not) the environment is. They usually have long, slim bodies and possess short limbs. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as 'holts'. there are 13 species of otters, and just about all of them are decreasing. The otters differ from other marine mammals due to … Although four other species of freshwater otters may obtain some of their food from the sea, only two of the approximately 67 species in this family are truly marine, the sea otter and the … For years, river otters have been hunted for their fur, and their pelts are still an important source of income for many people in Canada. Cause of extinction. Mink are dark-colored, semiaquatic, carnivorous mammals of the genera Neovison and Mustela, and part of the family Mustelidae, which also includes weasels, otters and ferrets.There are two extant species referred to as "mink": the American mink and the European mink.The extinct sea mink is related to the American mink but … ... there was little to no management of wildlife species. Sea otters eat between 20-35% of their own body weight daily. A group of otters is spotted in a lake at Taman Tasik Metropolitan Kepong. Now international trade in the species may be banned. — Picture by Hari Anggara. There are 13 known species of otters, which range in size from 2.9 feet (90 cm) all the way to 5.9 feet (1.8 m) long! Unlike many species of weasels, scientists believe the marine otter to be monogamous. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean.Adult sea otters typically weigh between 14 and 45 kg (31 and 99 lb), making them the heaviest members of the weasel family, but among the smallest marine mammals.Unlike most marine mammals, the sea otter's … They are fast, naturally secretive and usually nocturnal. There are 13 species of otters, in seven genera, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). How many species of Otters are there? , embayments and estuaries, their conservation status remains unchanged and their current population status decreasing! 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